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The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants



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Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 9 (1994), No. 3     1. May 1994
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 9 (1994), No. 3  (01.05.1994)

Page 273-278

Stage 2 Surgical Techniques in Endosseous Implantation
Hertel, Ruud C. / Blijdorp, Peter A. / Kalk, Warner / Baker, David L.
The most commonly used techniques for uncovering implants in stage 2 surgery are listed and the advantages and disadvantages are described. A reconstructive technique as used by the authors is described and clinically evaluated. Use of the reconstructive technique creates a significantly broader fixed mucosa. In patients with less than 4 mm of preoperative fixed mucosal width, the destructive techniques often leave no postoperative fixed mucosa whatsoever.

Keywords: dental implants, stage 2 dental surgery