Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 10 (1995), No. 4 1. July 1995
This study evaluates mechanical behavior of retention systems that have been used in craniofacial osseointegration. A loading/measuring apparatus was custom designed and constructed. Test bases that represented a typical auricular situation were constructed. These bases allowed for three points of retention. Jigs that could be reproducibly positioned carried the reciprocal portion of the retentive components. The test apparatus provided vertical and horizontal loads in five locations. The system was used to test two ball-and-socket attachments (Dalla Bona; Nobelpharma), cast and preformed bar and clips (Nobelpharma), and three magnet systems (Dynamag; Neomag; Technovent). The loading/measuring apparatus was also used to evaluate the performance of two facial prosthetic adhesives. Retention systems employed in craniofacial osseointegration offer more predictable retention than the facial prosthetic adhesives. The mechanical retention systems are best suited to situations where tensile and shear forces will operate. Magnet systems are best used where only tensile forces are anticipated or where horizontal forces on the implants are to be avoided.
Keywords: craniofacial osseointegration, facial prosthetic adhesives, mechanical evaluation, retention systems