Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 11 (1996), No. 3 1. May 1996
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 11 (1996), No. 3 (01.05.1996)
A 5-Year Prospective Multicenter Follow-up Report on Overdentures Supported by Osseointegrated Implants
Jemt, Torsten / Chai, John / Harnett, Joseph / Heath, M. Robin / Hutton, John E. / Johns, Richard B. / McKenna, Samuel / McNamara, David C. / van Steenberghe, Daniel / Taylor, Ross / Watson, Roger M. / Herrmann, Irene
This report presents the results of a 5-year prospective multicenter study including nine centers worldwide. A total of 30 patients received 117 Brånemark implants in the maxillae, and 103 patients received 393 implants in the mandibles. According to the protocol, all integrated maxillary implants were to be loaded; however, only two of four mandibular implants were planned for support of the overdentures, leaving the remaining implants covered by mucosa as backup for possible implant failures. Thirty-five patients (26.3%) who were provided with 127 implants (24.9%) were withdrawn from the study. Six patients treated in the maxilla lost all their implants and resumed wearing complete dentures. The cumulative success rates for implants and for overdentures supported by two implants in the edentulous mandible were 94.5% and 100%, respectively. The corresponding cumulative success rates for implants and for overdentures supported by an optimal number of implants in the maxilla were 72.4% and 77.9%, respectively. Significantly better jawbone characteristics at the time of implant surgery were considered to contribute to the better cumulative success rates in the mandibles. Mean marginal bone loss was 0.8 mm (SD 0.8) and 0.5 mm (SD 0.8) for loaded implants during a 5-year period of time in the maxillae and mandibles, respectively. Measurements of the clinical height of the abutment cylinders indicated a mean recession (0.2 mm) of peri-implant mucosa during the follow-up period in the mandibles. Conversely, hyperplasia was observed in the maxillae.
Keywords: Brånemark System, long term, osseointegration, overdentures, titanium implants