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The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants



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Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 12 (1997), No. 1     1. Jan. 1997
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 12 (1997), No. 1  (01.01.1997)

Page 25-31

Microstructures of Plasma-Sprayed Hydroxyapatite-Coated Ti-6Al-4V Dental Implants
Tufekci / Brantley / Mitchell / McGlumphy
The purpose of this study was to investigate the microstructure of plasma-sprayed hydroxyapatite coatings and the elemental composition near the coating-substrate interface for two commercial implants, using the scanning electron microscope. Both coating surfaces and cross-secttioned specimens were examined. The results indicated that while the surface microstructures of both implants were consistent with the plasma-spraying process, the scale of the constituents was much finer for one product. In cross-section, both coatings exhibited minimal porosity and intimate contact with the titanium alloy substrate. It was found that limited interdiffusion of titanium and calcium occurred near the interface.