Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 29 (2014), No. 5 6. Oct. 2014
Purpose: Autografts are considered to support bone regeneration. Paracrine factors released from cortical bone might contribute to the overall process of graft consolidation. The aim of this study was to characterize the paracrine factors by means of proteomic analysis.
Materials and Methods: Bone-conditioned medium (BCM) was prepared from fresh bone chips of porcine mandibles and subjected to proteomic analysis. Proteins were categorized and clustered using the bioinformatic tools UNIPROT and PANTHER, respectively.
Results: Proteomic analysis showed that BCM contains more than 150 proteins, of which 43 were categorized into "secreted" and "extracellular matrix." Growth factors that are not only detectable in BCM, but potentially also target cellular processes involved in bone regeneration, eg, pleiotrophin, galectin-1, transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β)-induced gene (TGFBI), lactotransferrin, insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-binding protein 5, latency-associated peptide forming a complex with TGF-β1, and TGF-β2, were discovered.
Conclusion: The present results demonstrate that cortical bone chips release a large spectrum of proteins with the possibility of modulating cellular aspects of bone regeneration. The data provide the basis for future studies to understand how these paracrine factors may contribute to the complex process of graft consolidation.
Keywords: autograft, bone regeneration, conditioned medium, paracrine, proteomics, secretome, supernatant