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The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants



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Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 31 (2016), No. 4     22. July 2016
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 31 (2016), No. 4  (22.07.2016)

Page 900-905, doi:10.11607/jomi.4325, PubMed:27447159

Graftless Full-Arch Implant R ehabilitation with Interantral Implants and Immediate or Delayed Loading- Part I: Reconstruction of the Edentulous Maxilla
Busenlechner, Dieter / Mailath-Pokorny, Georg / Haas, Robert / Fürhauser, Rudolf / Eder, Carina / Pommer, Bernhard / Watzek, Georg
Purpose: To compare long-term survival and marginal bone loss of late interantral implants in the nonaugmented edentulous maxilla subjected to immediate vs delayed loading.
Materials and Methods: One hundred twenty-two edentulous patients with implants in native, healed jawbone were subjected to either immediate loading (179 implants) or delayed loading (403 implants) of their four to six interantral implants (part I of 362 graftless maxillary cross-arch rehabilitations performed in the years 2004 to 2013). Kaplan-Meier survival estimates were computed, and marginal bone loss was evaluated in a stratified random sample of 20 patients per group.
Results: Fifteen of 582 implants failed within the mean observation period of 4.7 years, and no difference in 8-year survival estimates could be seen between immediate (98.3% [95% CI: 96.4-100.0]) and delayed (96.7% [95% CI: 94.7-98.6]) loading protocols (P = .370). Mean marginal bone resorption following implant insertion did not differ significantly between the groups (1.1 ± 1.3 mm vs 1.4 ± 1.3 mm, P = .490).
Conclusion: Immediate loading of interantral implants in the nonaugmented edentulous maxilla yields favorable results comparable to delayed loading and may be considered to shorten periods of removable provisional prostheses in maxillary edentulism.

Keywords: complete denture, dental implants, edentulous arch, immediate dental implant loading, implantsupported dental prosthesis, maxilla