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The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
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Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 32 (2017), No. 2     17. Mar. 2017
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 32 (2017), No. 2  (17.03.2017)

Page 423-430, doi:10.11607/jomi.5144, PubMed:28212456


Influence of Posterior Mandibular Dimensions on Alveolar Bone Microarchitecture
Monje, Alberto / Wu, Yiqun / Huang, Wei / Zhou, Wenjie / Galindo-Moreno, Pablo / Montanero-Fernandez, Jesus / Sheridan, Rachel A. / Wang, Hom-Lay / Wang, Feng
Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of posterior mandibular dimensions (height and width at various levels) on alveolar bone microarchitecture using microcomputed tomography (micro- CT).
Materials and Methods: Partially edentulous subjects with one missing molar were included in the study. A bone core biopsy was performed at the site of planned implant surgery. For each patient, alveolar morphologic and architectural characteristics were analyzed using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and micro-CT imaging. Two parameters for height (apicocoronal residual height [RH] and residual ridge from inferior alveolar canal [RHN]) and three for buccolingual width (residual width at 5 mm [RW1], at 10 mm [RW2], and at 15 mm [RW3]) were determined using CBCT. Additionally, 10 parameters were obtained from micro-CT to determine microarchitecture. Pearson product-moment correlation coefficients were calculated to examine the correlation between the morphologic and microarchitectural variables.
Results: Significant positive correlations (P < .05) were found between RH and bone volumetric fraction (BV/TV) (rs = 0.34) and trabecular thickness (Tb.Th) (rs = 0.45). A significant negative correlation was found between RH and the bone-specific surface (BS/BV) (rs = -0.34). A strong significant negative correlation was found between trabecular spacing (Tb.Sp) and RW1 (rs = -0.42). None of the other variables reached statistical significance.
Conclusion: Posterior mandibular dimensions may affect bony architectural characteristics.

Keywords: alveolar bone, bone, dental implant, endosseous implant, evidence-based dentistry, trabecular