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The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants



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Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 32 (2017), No. 3     19. May 2017
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 32 (2017), No. 3  (19.05.2017)

Page 585-592, doi:10.11607/jomi.4856, PubMed:27835707

Cortical and Trabecular Bone Healing Patterns and Quantification for Three Different Dental Implant Systems
Marão, Heloisa F. / Jimbo, Ryo / Neiva, Rodrigo / Gil, Luiz Fernando / Bowers, Michelle / Bonfante, Estevam A. / Tovar, Nick / Janal, Malvin N. / Coelho, Paulo G.
Purpose: The present study hypothesized that different bone healing patterns through initial stages of osseointegration would be observed when three distinct commercially available implant systems (Nobel Groovy, Implacil, and Zimmer TSV) were used, leading to significant variations in histometric levels of total bone and new bone formation during the osseointegration process.
Materials and Methods: A total of 48 implants were placed bilaterally on the tibias of eight beagle dogs and allowed to heal for 2 and 6 weeks. Following euthanasia, nondecalcified specimens were processed for morphologic and histometric evaluation. Bone-to-implant contact (BIC) and new bone area fraction occupancy (BAFO) analyses for native and new bone were performed along the whole perimeter of each implant and separately for the cortical and trabecular bone regions.
Results: Morphologic evaluation of cortical bone presented different healing patterns and osseointegration levels for different implant systems as time elapsed in vivo. Interfacial remodeling was the chief healing pattern in Zimmer implants, while a combination of interfacial remodeling and healing chambers was observed in Nobel and Implacil implants. When trabecular bone was evaluated, similar bone healing patterns were observed between systems despite different levels of osseointegration observed as a function of implantation time, implant system, and native and/or new bone BIC and BAFO.
Conclusion: Different implant systems led to different healing patterns during early stages of osseointegration. Such variation in pattern was more noticeable in the cortical regions compared to the trabecular regions. The variation in bone healing pattern did significantly influence overall indicators of native and new BIC and BAFO during the osseointegration process. The postulated hypothesis was accepted.

Keywords: bone marrow, dental implants, design, histology, osseointegration