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The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants



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Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 32 (2017), No. 4     18. July 2017
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 32 (2017), No. 4  (18.07.2017)

Page 870-879, doi:10.11607/jomi.5396, PubMed:28618434

Alveolar Ridge Augmentation Using Dystopic Autogenous Tooth: 2-Year Results of an Open Prospective Study
Pohl, Veronika / Pohl, Sebastian / Sulzbacher, Irene / Fuerhauser, Rudolf / Mailath-Pokorny, Georg / Haas, Robert
Purpose: To evaluate the use of chemically unchanged tooth material in lateral alveolar ridge augmentation or for the filling of jaw defects.
Materials and Methods: A total of 20 patients underwent either lateral augmentation of the alveolar process (11 patients) or filling of jaw defects (6 patients) with autogenous unaltered tooth material in a longitudinal 2-year study. In three patients, the jaw defect was so marked that a bone block graft had to be used for augmentation in addition to particulate dental material. In four patients, an autogenous tooth block was exclusively used; in seven, crushed tooth material was exclusively used; and in the remaining six, dystopic teeth that had been extracted were removed, crushed, and reinserted into the defect in particulate form. Fully impacted teeth served as autogenous donor teeth.
Results: After a healing time of 3 to 6 months, 28 implants could be placed (10 immediate implants, 18 delayed implants). At 6, 12, and 24 months postrestoration, peri-implant bone loss as assessed by x-ray was 0 mm, 0.4 mm, and 0.6 mm, respectively. Peri-implant probing depth was 1 mm after 1 year and 2 mm after 2 years. Bleeding on probing was not seen in any of the implants after 2 years.
Conclusion: Autogenous tooth material appears to be suitable for the restoration of lateral and intraosseous defects of the alveolar ridge with both complete blocks and in particulate form. However, additional long-term studies with higher case numbers will be required for substantiating these results.

Keywords: alveolar ridge reconstruction, autogenous bone graft, autogenous tooth, bone substitutes, implants