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The International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants



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Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 32 (2017), No. 4     18. July 2017
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants 32 (2017), No. 4  (18.07.2017)

Page 779-791, doi:10.11607/jomi.5421, PubMed:28708908

Activation of Osteoblastic Function on Titanium Surface with Titanium-Doped Hydroxyapatite Nanoparticle Coating: An In Vitro Study
Nakazawa, Masahiro / Yamada, Masahiro / Wakamura, Masato / Egusa, Hiroshi / Sakurai, Kaoru
Purpose: Titanium-doped hydroxyapatite (TiHA) nanoparticles contain titanium atoms in the hydroxyapatite lattice, which can physicochemically functionalize the titanium surface without modification of the surface topography. This study aimed to evaluate the physicochemical properties of machined or microroughened titanium surfaces coated with TiHA nanoparticles and the functions of osteoblasts cultured on them.
Materials and Methods: Titanium disks with commercially available surface topography, such as machined or sandblasted, large-grit, and acid-etched (SLA) surfaces, were coated with TiHA. The disks with original or TiHA-coated surfaces were evaluated in topography, wettability, and chemical composition. Osteoblastic cells from rat femurs were cultured on the disks and evaluated in proliferation and differentiation.
Results: TiHA coating changed from hydrophobicity to hydrophilicity on both machined and SLA surfaces. Calcium and phosphate atoms were detected all over the surface with TiHA coating regardless of the surface topography. However, the considerable change in the inherent surface topographies was not observed on both types of surfaces after TiHA coating. Osteoblastic proliferative activity at day 4 was increased by TiHA coating on both types of surfaces. TiHA coating did not enhance expressions of bone matrix-related genes such as osteocalcin, osteopontin, bone sialoprotein, alkaline phosphatase, and collagen I. However, depositions of collagen, osteocalcin, and calcium in the culture at days 7 and 20 were increased on both types of surface topographies with TiHA coating.
Conclusion: TiHA coating enhanced extracellular matrix formation on smooth and microroughened titanium surfaces by increasing osteoblastic proliferative activity without the deterioration of differentiation through hydrophilic and chemical functionalization.

Keywords: calcium, osseointegration, osteoblastic culture, surface topography, wettability